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Assessment Types

The Common Core State Standards provide a consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn so that teachers and parents know what they need to do to help them as they progress in their preparation for college and careers. Common Core-aligned assessments will track their progress.

Formative assessments are as much for the teachers as for the students. Given during instruction, or immediately following the presentation of a key concept, they give educators critical information about student and classroom progress and uncover opportunities for further review, suggest adjustments to the teacher’s approach, and make sure a subject has been mastered before moving on.

Through-course assessments provide continuous feedback to teachers throughout the year.

Interim/benchmark assessments give school- and district-level administrators rapid access to student data that can be aggregated or disaggregated at any level. This reveals trends and patterns in student performance, identifies best practices, or signals the need for additional resources to specific content areas, grade levels, or student groups.

Performance assessments are innovative new assessments based on tasks students are asked to perform to demonstrate their understanding and procedural skills relative to the content. More hands-on than multiple-choice items, they are scored using rubrics relevant to the skills being assessed.

Summative assessments summarize learning over time, measuring student achievement and providing detailed reports educators can use to show academic progress. They also compare growth across various groups and jurisdictions and provide proof that progress towards Common Core Standards is being made.

Other assessments that help improve performance

Essay-writing assessments help prepare students for the new writing requirements in Common Core and provide students and teachers with timely feedback on writing assignments.

English Language Learning Assessments promote language literacy so every child has a chance to succeed after high school graduation.